搭配记忆法巧解英译汉,家庭在教育中的作用

  1.发生变化:experiencechanges

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  ①这些年,家庭也发生了一些变化。

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

  “搭配记忆法”对我们记忆单词、攻克翻译题有很大的帮助,但任何巧妙的方法都需要在长久的练习中熟能生巧,希望大家在以后的复习过程中,能按照这种方法把真题吃透,日积月累,你会发现效果真的不错!

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional
familystructure体现比较的逻辑关系,比较的双方是现在的孩子与传统家庭的孩子。

Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

  5.直接的因果关系还没有建立起来:adirect causal relationship has not
yet been established

2 Build strong family relationships

  7.犯罪的行为:offensiveacts

7 Good behavior

  6.可确定的原因:identifiablecauses

www.7376.com ,This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working
parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at
home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying,
youth crime

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child
committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not
yet been established。

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or
failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and
the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their
parents.

  ④其他可以找到的犯罪行为的原因包括在学校的挫折和失败、毒品和酒越来越容易获得、虐待孩子和忽视孩子的事件越来越多。

10 Youth crime

  我们之前说过,复习考研[微博]英语要注重真题,在记忆词汇和练习阅读理解、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配记忆,并辅以相应的练习,下面我们就以真题为例,从中摘取出容易出现的考点,让2016的考生更深刻地领会“搭配记忆”法。

Feel lonely and isolated

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Increase their independence
A responsible member of society
A productive/ contributing member of society

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies
consist of one-parent households or two working parents;
consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than
was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental
supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other
identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in
school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing
incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to
increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a
direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  【相关真题】

Take responsibility for their own actions
Have respect for their neighbors and communities

  8.某事发生越来越多:thegrowing incidence of something

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

  3.XKF会对青少年犯罪率产生影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children’s
education than their own parents were.

  ⑤所有这些条件往往会增加青少年犯罪的可能性,尽管它们之间直接的因果关系还没有确定。

8 Their peers

  ③缺乏父母监督被认为对青少年犯罪率有一定的影响。

Unruly students
Drop out of school

  结构提示:frustration or failure in school, theincreased
availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of
childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同组成句子的宾语。

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

  【参考译文】

(School) prepare students to be…
Produce well-rounded individuals

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