But, how did we usually been lead to approach it?
Think about the way we were taught during primary school and the other
stages of fundamental education.
I found that explaining the misinformation technique completely
neutralized the misinformation’s influence， without even mentioning the
misinformation specifically。 Moreover， the misinformation was
neutralized across the political spectrum。 Whether you’re conservative
or liberal， no one wants to be deceived by misleading techniques。
But what’s the influence, or, results? One problem is that, the little
boy we mentioned could possibly feel upset about English, since he can’t
explain all the intricate relations in this new language with his little
tricks, and will probabaly give up.
Fortunately， science does have a means to protect itself， and it comes
from a branch of psychological research known as inoculation theory。
This borrows from the logic of vaccines： A little bit of something bad
helps you resist a full-blown case。
And two, is that there exists so less people treating linguist and other
humanity subjects as solid science. Because they were never taught that
Misinformation， fake news， and “alternative?facts” are more prominent
than ever。 The Oxford Dictionary named “post-truth” as the 2016 word of
the year。 Science and scientific evidence have been under assault。
This universal ignorance about language and other humanity subjects as
parts of science, did make lots of barriers for us single-language
speaker. Because of this, rather less people of us view language in a
more serious and systematical way—— they were simply taught randomly.
What the teachers thought about them, is exact the way they were taught.
As for weather the teachers themselves got enough education so that they
can view these subjects in a scientific, “mature” way, was ignored.
Just imagine this, a little curious Chinese boy in an elemantary school,
simply spend time on wondering the curious pronounciations of a certain
English word, and trying to match it with a word in Chinese. And by
doing so, not only he felt it amusing, but also a way of acquring.
A recent study led by psychology researcher Sander van der Linden found
that misinformation about climate change has a significant impact on
public perceptions about climate change。
This is apparently a brand new area for most of us when they first start
to learn such type of subject—— a second language.
Like first of all, without previous concepts about versatile languages,
for children in most parts of China, especially for those who grow up
from a pure single-language environment, the knowledege about languages
themselve could be vital.
This strategy involves explaining the facts， followed by introducing a
myth related to those facts。 At this point， people are presented with
two conflicting pieces of information。 You reconcile the conflict by
explaining the technique that the myth uses to distort the fact。
No, there will generate tons of misunderstandings about languages, and
even a large part of them came from the teacher’s distracting, reckless
Beyond misinforming people， misinformation has a more insidious and
dangerous influence。 It doesn’t just misinform。 It stops people
believing in facts。
In short, humanity and other science should be considered practical
tools of one’s life, rather than any kind of way to get fortune or fame.
However, once lost its original aim, the ending will be rather
TWO WAYS MISINFORMATION DAMAGES
However, in fact, these subjects are more directly related to the
phenomenona we talk all day long—— the social phenomenona, the way our
emotion changes and the change of our mind condition—— lots of daily
issues can be viewed under the instructions of humanity SCIENCE. Like,
knowing a little about practical phycology won’t hurt, and may also make
you more reasonable when you confronting a hardship. Knowing the fact
maybe better than to blame yourself or others blindly. And under this
cirrcumstance, one just cought less troubles by using this technique of
All of us were aware that subjects like physics and math could lead to
some super amazing roket science, but seldom would people have the
impression that humanity subjects are actually rather practical in our
And having a little knowledge about history and social science may also
give you a more clear mind about the facade of daily matters you saw.
But what will happen next? It’s cute to do so, but will the boy
successfully develop the right concept of a different language while he
grew elder? Will he figure out that certain phenomenona are just some
special characteristics of a language and in terms of viewing them
involves a certain way called linguistic?
The fact is that, we were never told about some basic concepts about
languages, wchich lead to endless effort and concerning about some
certain obsecure phenomenona that emerged in the later study.
Table 1。 Denial101x lectures adhering to Fact-Myth-Fallacy structure。
What have you been taught? Take English course for instance.
Inoculating text requires two elements。 First， it includes an explicit
warning about the danger of being misled by misinformation。 Second，
you need to provide counterarguments explaining the flaws in that
We never had a chance to get the first impression that Language, like
any other subjects we were going to start, had it’s original basic
qualities and is with rules supported, like the theroms to math.