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接种理论引进施行

But, how did we usually been lead to approach it?

假消息的三种危机

Think about the way we were taught during primary school and the other
stages of fundamental education.

I found that explaining the misinformation technique completely
neutralized the misinformation’s influence, without even mentioning the
misinformation specifically。 Moreover, the misinformation was
neutralized across the political spectrum。 Whether you’re conservative
or liberal, no one wants to be deceived by misleading techniques。

But what’s the influence, or, results? One problem is that, the little
boy we mentioned could possibly feel upset about English, since he can’t
explain all the intricate relations in this new language with his little
tricks, and will probabaly give up.

Fortunately, science does have a means to protect itself, and it comes
from a branch of psychological research known as inoculation theory。
This borrows from the logic of vaccines: A little bit of something bad
helps you resist a full-blown case。

And two, is that there exists so less people treating linguist and other
humanity subjects as solid science. Because they were never taught that
way.

Misinformation, fake news, and “alternative?facts” are more prominent
than ever。 The Oxford Dictionary named “post-truth” as the 2016 word of
the year。 Science and scientific evidence have been under assault。

This universal ignorance about language and other humanity subjects as
parts of science, did make lots of barriers for us single-language
speaker. Because of this, rather less people of us view language in a
more serious and systematical way—— they were simply taught randomly.
What the teachers thought about them, is exact the way they were taught.
As for weather the teachers themselves got enough education so that they
can view these subjects in a scientific, “mature” way, was ignored. 

“否定科学”的正确解释

Just imagine this, a little curious Chinese boy in an elemantary school,
simply spend time on wondering the curious pronounciations of a certain
English word, and trying to match it with a word in Chinese. And by
doing so, not only he felt it amusing, but also a way of acquring. 

A recent study led by psychology researcher Sander van der Linden found
that misinformation about climate change has a significant impact on
public perceptions about climate change。

This is apparently a brand new area for most of us when they first start
to learn such type of subject—— a second language.

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Like first of all, without previous concepts about versatile languages,
for children in most parts of China, especially for those who grow up
from a pure single-language environment, the knowledege about languages
themselve could be vital.

This strategy involves explaining the facts, followed by introducing a
myth related to those facts。 At this point, people are presented with
two conflicting pieces of information。 You reconcile the conflict by
explaining the technique that the myth uses to distort the fact。

No, there will generate tons of misunderstandings about languages, and
even a large part of them came from the teacher’s distracting, reckless
explanation.

Beyond misinforming people, misinformation has a more insidious and
dangerous influence。 It doesn’t just misinform。 It stops people
believing in facts。

In short, humanity and other science should be considered practical
tools of one’s life, rather than any kind of way to get fortune or fame.
However, once lost its original aim, the ending will be rather
different, too.

TWO WAYS MISINFORMATION DAMAGES

However, in fact, these subjects are more directly related to the
phenomenona we talk all day long—— the social phenomenona, the way our
emotion changes and the change of our mind condition—— lots of daily
issues can be viewed under the instructions of humanity SCIENCE. Like,
knowing a little about practical phycology won’t hurt, and may also make
you more reasonable when you confronting a hardship. Knowing the fact
maybe better than to blame yourself or others blindly. And under this
cirrcumstance, one just cought less troubles by using this technique of
phycology.

不错通晓地告知大家,向芸芸众生灌输越多的没有错常识并不可能一心缓慢解决否定科学的主题材料。大家无能为力忽视存在假音信的现实,大家无法还是不可能认存在否定科学的真实景况。相反,大家应该把它当做八个引导契机。课堂上演讲误解是执教科学的最实用方法之1。

All of us were aware that subjects like physics and math could lead to
some super amazing roket science, but seldom would people have the
impression that humanity subjects are actually rather practical in our
daliy life.

那1战术包蕴对事实举行表达,然后引进与那些实际有关的迷思。那时,人们会看出多个相互争辨的消息。通过宣告迷思扭曲事实所利用的情势便足以消除冲突。

No.

万幸的是,科学还有一种自笔者保护花招,即来自心思学研商分支的接种理论。那1争辨借鉴了疫苗的规律:一些不佳的东西反而有助于身体对抗成形的疾病。

And having a little knowledge about history and social science may also
give you a more clear mind about the facade of daily matters you saw.

假消息除了误导人,还拉动更危险的潜在影响。它不只误导,还阻挡人们相信事实。

But what will happen next? It’s  cute to do so, but will the boy
successfully develop the right concept of a different language while he
grew elder? Will he figure out that certain phenomenona are just some
special characteristics of a language and in terms of viewing them
involves a certain way called linguistic?

近期,心情学研讨者Sander·范·得·林登为首的一项斟酌开采,关于天气变化的假音信对群众对待气候变化具有重大影响。

The fact is that, we were never told about some basic concepts about
languages, wchich lead to endless effort and concerning about some
certain obsecure phenomenona that emerged in the later study.

Table 1。 Denial101x lectures adhering to Fact-Myth-Fallacy structure。

What have you been taught? Take English course for instance.

Inoculating text requires two elements。 First, it includes an explicit
warning about the danger of being misled by misinformation。 Second,
you need to provide counterarguments explaining the flaws in that
misinformation。

We never had a chance to get the first impression that Language, like
any other subjects we were going to start, had it’s original basic
qualities and is with rules supported, like the theroms to math.

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